معرفی کتاب ینگه دنیا 1919

اثر جان دوس پاسوس از انتشارات هاشمی - مترجم: سعید باستانی-دهه 1930 میلادی

ارسال شده توسط ایران کتاب در تاریخ سه شنبه 25 مهر 1396
ناخوشایند جنگ، آقای ویلسون جنگ، موضوع Dos Passos است، و از آنجایی که این جنگ مهمترین رویداد سیاسی قرن است، او به موضوع خود با درخششی که خشم پشت آن را پنهان نمی کند، افزایش می یابد. بنابراین آلفرد کاظین نئون نوزده، رمان مرکزی سه گانه ایالت متحده را توصیف می کند. Dos Passos با دستگاه های چشم دوربین، بیوگرافی ها و خبرنگاران و داستان هایی از شخصیت های رمان ها، یک تصویر بی نظیر از یک آمريکا و جنگ ویرانگر اروپا را ایجاد می کند. گسترش مخرب خشونت به معنای سود برای بعضی از ماجراهای جنسی برای دیگران است و برای دیگران زمان آزمایش است، با انتخاب بین فروش ایده آل گرایی جوان و سفر به زندان. 1919 باز می شود برای پیدا کردن آمریکا و جهان در جنگ، و شخصیت های Dos پاسسوس، که بسیاری از آنها ما در جلسه اول ملاقات کرد، به مارپیچ پرتاب می شود. ما از دختر یک وزیر شیکاگو، یک دختر بزرگ تگزاس، یک شاعر جوان، یک یهودی رادیکال، و از وودرو ویلسون، تئودور روزولت و سرباز نامعلوم نگاه می کنیم.  همانطور که ژان پل سارتر نوشته است، من دوس پاسس را بزرگترین نویسنده زمان ما می دانیم.


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معرفی کتاب ینگه دنیا 1919
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معرفی کتاب ینگه دنیا 1919 از نگاه کاربران
The fact that the action in Europe takes place behind the front lines with protagonists involved in support fonctions to the war effort makes this narrative rather unique, as it sheds an unusually cast light on the US involvement in the WWI drama from a different angle and perspective. Following the engagement of some of the characters @back home@ in the social movements that rocked that period is definitly enlighting, if not moving at times.
I enjoyed 1919 as much as I liked its predecessor @The 42nd Parallel@. It is well written, forgiving dated grammar and period slang, and the unwelcome oddity of tyingwordstogetherinsentences. Whilst I greeted and consumed with interest the various newsreels with their often a-propos pieces of historical tidbits, the insipid, or at times, bizarre shooting by the Camera Eye got me annoyed more than once.
After closing this book, I felt I had reached a point where I fret to reach diminishing returns in my pleasure of following John Dos Passos in his journey. Hence, I have decided to pause two third along the way through his US Trilogy. I reckon I had grown weary of the style, the composition, the structure, and the absence of plot, Camera Eyes aside. I am more keen to read on novels set in the same era such as Ragtime, Manhattan Transfer, and Berlin AlexanderPlatz before picking up the last Trilogy piece; @The big Money@. I should enjoy it then, when times is up. I particularly look forward to reading the bios of the barons Mellon, Rockfellers, Ford and co, as part of the narrative. And I may not bother with what the Camera Eye recordings are supposed to convey.


مشاهده لینک اصلی
This second novel in Dos Passoss trilogy _USA_ (really one big novel) is more assured and more powerful than the first novel (_The 42nd Parallel_). We meet new characters, see familiar characters through the eyes of characters who were only a minor part of the first volume, and get a broad panorama of the US experiences in World War I and the Red Scare of 1917-1919. Dos Passoss use of the formal experimentation techniques he developed in the first book are more assured and tighter, his biographies center on subjects that he doesnt wholly approve of (such as Woodrow Wilson and JP Morgan), and there is even an actual climax to this novel even as you can see that Dos Passos is setting up the subject of the final book in the trilogy (_The Big Money_), with a focus on labor strife, the rush for oil-rich territory on the part of US oil interests versus the British and the Dutch, and the continued importance of advertising to spin the news and ensure consumption. Dos Passos had a keen understanding of how advertising and other forms of propaganda influenced popular consciousness about the war and patriotism, and thats one of the most important messages of this work. This novel stands with _Manhattan Transfer_ as Dos Passos strongest (fictional) writing.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
I am surprised Dos Passos isnt better well-known. Although complete fiction, the picture he paints of the era is very compelling and is another, higher level of @historical fiction@.

There are several concurrent short stories of people in the period, during WW1. Great revelation to a modern reader of how these people saw that they were in the @War to End All Wars@. In retrospect, I do think WW1 may have had some finalty for that type of war and its causes. For fun, these stories do cross over and it is fascinating to get each persons motivations. Dos Passos gets you into each story so deeply that you root for the main character, forgetting that in the previous story you may have been rooting for this characters rival in the exact same situation.

The book also is sprinkled with strema-of-conscious memeories of Passos himself in teat period as well as chapters which just give series of news clippings from that period. This book is like read an extraordinary piece of painted art.

His intellectual life is interesting, growing from an extreme leftest position to extreme right from the 1920s through the 1960s.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
I cant give this one star, because its not quite as bad as some of the really reprehensible trash Ive read in the past. I will say, however, that I am glad that Mr. Dos Passos is not still alive, or Id be compelled to sock him in the mouth. It takes a real miserable son of a bitch to write such miserable sonsabitches as exist in these books. And it takes a worse one to relentlessly kill off any character that shows the least bit of hope, selflessness, or true love. George RR Martin is a total softy compared to this guy, nay, a poseur. Dos Passos kills off anything that smacks of hope, anything that even tries to do good, and any relationships are the very definition of dysfunctional. Oh, dont even try to blame it on the era and the other writers of his group-- sure, Hemingway had some miserable endings and hopeless situations, but at least his characters knew how to love and actually attempted to find happiness. Dos Passos doesnt just kill off the girls, force them into abortions, and abandon them en masse, he even kills the damn parakeet. To say I hate these books is an understatement.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
The writing was probably edgy and experimental for the time but it didnt age well. Too many characters. As soon as a character starts having too good of a time, they get sick, move away, or fall on hard financial times and then its on to the next character. It seems formulaic like a sine wave.

Theres nothing to stitch it all together other than Dos Passoss cold hard view of the American working class at war in Europe. Oh yeah, except most of the characters are wealthy and at the fringe working for the Red Cross or as foreign correspondents but still calling themselves laborers. Its hundreds of pages of a silver-spoon trust fund baby trying to convince you how hard it is for the American working-man soldier.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
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#انتشارات هاشمی - #جان دوس پاسوس - #سعید باستانی
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